The fencing materials are needed to repair flood damaged boundaries and to stock proof certain areas from sheep; the aim here is to improve wood pasture land by a conservation grazing regime with limited numbers of cattle.
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Helicopter Lift at Troutbeck Park Farm.
16:00 05 May 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedA large quantity of fencing materials required transporting onto difficult to access upland areas of the National Trust farm, Troutbeck Park Farm, including The Tongue and Yoke. A helicopter lift was deemed to be the most cost effective and efficient means of achieving this.British International Helicopters were contracted to do the work here, and elsewhere in The Lakes, by the National Trust in partnership with the Lake District National Park Authority.
The fencing materials are needed to repair flood damaged boundaries and to stock proof certain areas from sheep; the aim here is to improve wood pasture land by a conservation grazing regime with limited numbers of cattle.Prior to the day of the lift, much preparation work was needed such as stacking the fence posts into bundles and roping them up. The stock netting and barb wire were put into one tonne bags.Leo, the Knot Maestro!Quantities of fencing materials and even more 'bundles' higher up the slope.The British International Helicopters' BK 117 C1 G-RESC refuelling on the day of the 'lift'...May the fifth.The lift in progress...this helicopter has a lifting capacity of 1.2 tonnes.A close up.......and an image at 25X zoom, approaching the drop zone.!!Another 100 posts on their way to The Tongue, the summit of which can be seen in the background.With special thanks to the pilot and ground crew of British International Helicopters.All the fencing materials were flown to their designated drop zones in less than half a day...Impressive!
Spring is here?
16:00 28 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedAfter several days of glorious sunshine, the arrival of blizard like conditions came as quite a shock on this day, Thursday the 28th of April...in the Troutbeck Valley.Our Ford Ranger......was instinctively sought out as the best shelter available by this lamb of just a few hours old born this day, Thursday 28th of April...in the Troutbeck Valley...The anxious ewe keeps a weather eye on her off-spring!
The 8th World Ranger Congress
08:26 22 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham
Every now and then we hear stories on the news of rangers from other countries dying in the course of their jobs - protecting wild animals, trying to prevent the complete destruction of rainforests and other sensitive habitats and I think how lucky we rangers are in the UK that we don’t need to take guns to work with us, or wear bullet proof vests. That our visitors on the whole understand what we are trying to do, what we are trying to conserve and protect. Rangering is a varied and exciting profession which we need to shout more about. This is where the great work of organizations like the International Ranger Federation(IRF) comes in.The IRF ‘ensure the world’s terrestrial and marine parks, and the flora and fauna that live in them, are protected from vandalism, poaching, theft, exploitation or destruction’ – The IRF is the voice for the world’s park rangersEvery 3 years, the IRF organises a gathering of rangers from all around the world to share stories, learn new skills, create lasting partnerships and experiences of what it is like to be at the front line, protecting the world’s most special places. This worldwide event has been hosted in places as far apart as Australia, Scotland, Tanzania and South Africa and will be attended by rangers from 40+ countries. This year, it is being held in Estes Park in the Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Myself and Chris Wood (Ranger at the North York Moors and Yorkshire Coast Properties) have been chosen to represent the National Trust at the 8th congress in May. And to say I am excited is a huge understatement.
Reflection of Hallett Peak in Estes Park - WowObviously, Colorado is a loooong way away so I plan on making the most of it. I’ll also spend a week meeting some of the rangers in the Grand Canyon Parashant National Park. My kind and generous hosts have made exciting plans for me including an opportunity to join their ranger pilot for a flight over Lake Mead and Parashant. I’ll also get to experience an overnight trip into the Parashant International Night Sky Province to see the night sky in this truly wild place! One of the amazing views of the Grand Canyon Parashant National MonumentThis trip will be a very humbling and real celebration of what it means to be a ranger and be part of the worldwide ranger community. Chris and I will share this experience and raise awareness of the IRFs work with our fellow NT ranger colleagues as well as with you, our visitors and supporters. Watch this space. I wonder if I'll see any marmots?Clair PayneRangerHawkshead and Claife
Moving on with the year
09:00 15 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart GrahamWith the weather starting to improve now and more groups arriving the team here at the volunteer centre High Wray Basecamp is starting to spend more time outdoors now. We always look forward to this but with the miserable weather we had to put up with over winter we are sometimes quite pleased that we scale back on the amount of time we spend outdoors over the darker months. There are very good reasons for this as there is lots of wrapping up to do of the year just gone, planning to do for the year ahead and more importantly, maintenance of the site itself.
Lucky! The view from the top of Gummers How Not so lucky! Chilly and wet conditions for the trip up Far Easedale
07:00 15 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedWhilst working on a roadside footpath near The Howe Farm, Troutbeck, Bruna Remesso, Academy Ranger based at Saint Catherine's saw this impressive looking fungi. Using her mobile phone she took some images of it......growing on......a wrapped hay bale!
Just a tiny hole in the bale wrap has enabled the fungi within to fruit like this...anyone know what variety this one is!?
Spread of Invasive Himalayan Balsam after the Floods.
08:36 12 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedAn increase in the numbers of Himalayan Balsam seedlings are taking root at Millerground, on the east side of Windermere, this April. (See image below).Flood water has dispersed seeds from upstream over a much larger area than usual and in much greater concentrations.Himalayan Balsam is highly Invasive and will take over large areas if not controlled.Millerground is an important site for the rare native Touch-Me-Not Balsam which, sadly, is easily out competed and ousted by alien plant species especially Himalayan Balsam.This is an image of a Himalayan Balsam seedling. The heart shaped leaves running from top left to bottom right of the image are the cotyledon leaves which are present in the seed prior to germination. The first true leaves formed after germination are to be seen diagonally from top right to bottom left.Incredibily, there are over three hundred seedlings in this large handful pulled up from just a small patch of ground at Millerground. Each seedling has the potential to grow to over three metres in height and produce up to eight hundred seeds by late Summer.........to form dense stands like this one in following seasons. This stand was photographed in July on privately owned land above Millerground and on the same water course, Wynlass Beck, that flows through Millerground.Here is another stand by the side of Wynlass Beck slightly further upstream growing alongside yet another horribly invasive plant, Japanese Knotweed.Pollinators, mainly bumblebees, find Himalayan Balsam utterly irresistible as it produces vast quantities of nectar with a high sugar content over an extended flowering period; (It's a bit like putting a child in a sweet shop with no restraints!)Pollinators often ignore native plants in favour of this alien invader! This reduces the seed set of native plants and assists the spread of Himalayan Balsam adversely altering the ecological balance and nature of riparian and wetland habitats.A benefit of eradicating or at least reducing the numbers of Himalayan Balsam will 'encourage' pollinators to actively seek out native plants which in turn will increase in numbers allowing them to make a comeback in areas previously dominated by Himalayan Balsam. This should improve biodiversity...particularly in wetland areas and along river banks.Touch-Me-Not Balsam stand at Millerground last Summer; intensive eradication of Himalayan Balsam in this area has allowed the native balsam to flourish here.A close up of a Touch-Me-Not flower.Even more extensive eradication work will be needed at Millerground this season to prevent.......this......causing this......and this to occur year after year.
This post has no title...just words and piccys.
16:00 08 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedToday, Friday 8th April, the Trust tenant farmer at Causeway Farm brought three ewes with their day old lambs to the parkland at St. Catherine's.A well earned rest after a bout of heavy drinking!St. Catherine's is very popular with dog walkers so,with the arrival of the livestock, these signs were immediately put up by Trust rangers at access points into the parkland.With livestock back in the parkland, a priority job was to clear the gravel (that had been washed down in the Winter floods) out of the cattle-grid.Livestock would find it fairly easy to negotiate this cattle-grid, full to the brim with gravel for much of its area, and wander out onto the road. Normally this cattle-grid is lifted out for cleaning purposes but the gravel had completely covered the fixing bolts.......so the Spring Clean had to be done the hard way.Trowels were used to scoop out the gravel between the bars......after loosening the impacted gravel with a bar (colour coordinated of course)......and or a mattock.The gravel was put to use resurfacing a boggy section of the nearby footpath. Recycling at its best!The gravel was dumped......and 'raked'.......to give a much better surface to this popular footpath.Work in progress.After well over two hours of hard work, and with a fair amount of empathy from passers-by, the job is done!The daffodils in the parkland...a particularly fine display this Spring.
A Spring in their step
16:04 04 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart GrahamFell farming has shaped the landscape of the Lake District for thousands of years using a system that has remained relatively unchanged. At the most basic level the fell farming year follows a cyclical pattern of sending stock off to the high fell, and gathering them back down for lambing in the spring and tupping time in the autumn. This system enables farmers to make best use of the limited growth that the vegetation puts on during the warmer months; it is no coincidence that the lambs are born in the spring as we are hopeful for some warmer weather and the grass will start to grow.
At the moment the ewes will have been bought down from the fell and will be held in the inbye fields. These are the fields in the valley bottom which are enclosed by the characteristic drystone walls where the ewes will remain until they have lambed, which for most fell flocks happens between mid-April to mid-May. Ewes with single lambs are sent back to the fell in May and those with doubles kept in the inbye until clipping time in July after which they are also sent to the fell. As you have probably guessed this is however only the tip of the ice berg …
Part of the Boon Crag flock, with Holme Fell in the background
One of the aspects of fell farming that always amazes me is how the farmer staggers their lambs to be born over the period of around a month. Whilst lambing remains one of the busiest times of the year for any farmer, this makes the onerous task slightly more manageable. This is actually done way back in October and November when the tups are put in the field with the ewes.
Fell breeds are particularly nimble and hardy; the grass is always greener on the other side!
Each tup is fitted with a ‘raddle’, which is comprised of a strap that holds a block of paint on the chest of the tup. During the act, this colour is transferred to the ewes back. Sheep are in season for a 17 day cycle, and the colour of the raddle is changed for every cycle, starting lighter and getting progressively darker, for example yellow, red then blue. Not only does the changing of the colour enable the farmer to predict the lambing date, but also to check that the tup is working correctly and to check that the ewe is cycling. All being well 152 days later little black lambs will start to appear in the fields!
Beatrix Potter played a pivotal role in ensuring the survival of the Herdwick breed by buying farms and bequeathing them to the National Trust. Here at the South Lakes property she left 14 farms, some of which I am fortunate enough to spend most of my days on fixing, building and carrying out conservation tasks. I have now been living in the Lake District for just over a year and during that time I have only began to scratch the surface when it comes to learning about fell farming; and I have only imparted a small part of my limited knowledge in the blog! Lambing is but one aspect of the fell farming year, let alone tupping, clipping, hay making, the relationship with sheep dogs and the myriad of other tasks that a farmer carries out to care for his stock. If you find fell farming as interesting as I do then come along to Wray Castle on the 2nd and 4th of June to meet one of our tenant farmers and some of his stock; he’ll be there to answer all your questions!
The Jurte at Saint Catherine's.
10:09 30 March 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedYesterday, Central and East lakes Rangers based at Saint Catherine's spent part of the afternoon erecting a 'jurte', with invaluable assistance from Debbie, the Footprint Supervisor, and her two daughters, Rosie, and Hannah back home from university.Jurtes originate from Germany and look like a cross between a bell tent and a yurt; they are extensively used in Germany as scout tents.The jurte will be used as a heavy duty shelter for green wood carving courses and for school and family bush-craft camps.In this image Ray and James are transporting the jurte with all its ancillaries...in the inestimable tracked power barrow... up to the wood above the Footprint building and on to site.The start of the 'unboxing'.The main roof section being unwrapped.The site.The wild daffodils were dug up to be transplanted out of harm's way.The three centre poles being lashed together.The roof being spread out...all 8 metres of it!"YOU GOT ME IN CHAINS"!Getting ready to raise the roof."...did we do that last bit correctly? I'm not so sure, but hey ho let's give it a go!"Debbie, Hannah and Rosie ready to lift up the side poles having attached the guy ropes.Hannah supporting the wooden side pole while James hammers in the steel peg which will tension the guy rope.Hammering in the peg.The almost completed structure. There is an option for side panels but it was considered that keeping the structure open will allow people to feel more in tune with the beautiful surroundings.The central roof opening which may be used as a smoke vent for wood fires. There is a roof cap that can be fitted in the worst weather conditions.
New path at High Cascades
07:27 29 March 2016
By Ade Mills, Leo Walmsley , Pete EntwistleIt's been a while since our last update. In that time, amongst other things, we've had a few weeks off over Christmas, spent time clearing up and checking the full extent of damage after last winter's devastating storms, and also spent a lot of time working over at Aira Force.
Our work at Aira Force has involved re-routing a section of path near High Cascades. The original path involved clambering over bedrock and up some steep sections of stone pitched path. Not a problem for some, but for those less sure on their feet, it was an impassable barrier.
Some people had already found a way to avoid this bit of path by going "off piste" and over a fallen dry stone wall. We decided to use this route as a rough guide to where we'd put the new path.
The first job was to remove a section of the fallen wall to give us enough room to put in the new path and also to give us access with our power barrow. We removed the largest stones from the dismantled wall and side stones from the original path to edge our new path.Taking down the wallCompleted section with wall repaired and side stones
To give us the best line, with least gradient and no stone steps, we decided to cut the path through the steepest bank to give us a steady incline .Digging out and edging the steep middle sectionFinished middle section
With the line of the new path decided, we worked out where rain would be most likely to flow onto the path. We decided to add two stone cross-drains, to remove water from the path, and three sections of pipe, to take water underneath the path. All the pipes were concealed with stone to hide them from view. Once the drainage was sorted, we started to gravel the path. We ensured that the steepest sections of path were graded out to make the path as easy to walk on us possible.Shortly after finishing the lower drainConcealed drain and original path (lower right) landscaped
At the top of the path the original line went down some stone pitching and through a gap in the drystone wall. We removed the pitching and used rock from the wall we'd taken down earlier to wall-up the gap. We put a drainage pipe under the new path and a small hole in the wall to take the water.Stone pitched path and wall gapRepaired wall and new path with drainageAs spring progresses and the plants spring back into life the whole area should quickly blend back in with it's surroundings and the old path should just fade away.Looking down the lower section of path