Latest team news

  • Fixing the landslide at Seldom Seen

    11:48 30 November 2016
    By Ade Mills, Leo Walmsley , Pete Entwistle

    As part of our work on the path at Seldom Seen we have also recently repaired a substantial landslide, around ten metres in length, which was washed away during heavy rain.

     Landslide from below

    The first part of the job was to build the path up to it's original height. Using large stones (the same as we use for path building) a dry stone wall was built and the area behind the wall was filled in with material excavated from elsewhere on the path.

     Building up the revetment wall

    The top side of the path had also been badly eroded by walkers trying to find a new route around the landslip. This area was re-profiled and a trench dug into the bank to take water away from the revetment wall and send it through stone drains at either side.

     View of the landslide from the path

    Once the revetment wall was completed and back-filled we covered the path surface with pinnel. Pinnel is a type of gravelly soil that compacts down very well to form a hard surface. This was dug out from around the washout and from the path above. It's very labour intensive to dig but gave the path a really nice solid finish.

     Repaired path showing the drainage

    Finally the top of the wall was turfed and landscaped to discourage people from walking on the edge and potentially causing damage.

     Landslide from a slightly different angle

    The new section of path has made a huge difference and will help prevent the area becoming further eroded by people trying to pick a route around it.

     Repaired section of path

    Beyond the landslide a stone path was built incorporating stone drains to prevent water running down on to the area that had been washed out.

    Footpath beyond the landslide
  • Saturday 26 November

    08:47 26 November 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham

    Fell Season 2016




    The South Lakes upland footpath team have been hard at it Fixing the Fells this year, whilst on our travels we've encountered wild weather, mountain mists, a healthy dose of hard working volunteers and one or two foot paths.

    We've had projects running all over the Lakes and helped out some of the other teams too! Here's a rundown of some of the jobs we've been getting up to.  


    Threshthwaite Cove

    Threshthwaite Cove & Raven Crag
    Threshthwaite Cove is a beautiful quiet valley (if not a little windy at the best of times!) situated near Hartsop.

    Erosion scar before


    After landscaping

    Thresthwaite is a very damp place indeed and the path suffers a great deal from flowing water and foot fall. Above we have tried to define a path line and re-vegetate the damaged areas. 



    Working holiday group





    Working with different volunteer groups we carried out work all the way along the valley including installation of rock stepping stones, path definition and drain building.







    Sca Fell Pike

    Wasdale Valley
    From time to time the upland teams like to help each other out, earlier in the year we had the chance to go to the dramatic wild west-ern fells to work on Sca Fell Pike.


    West Lakes team on brown tongue. Wastwater at the back.
    Path widening















    Brown Tongue is a popular route up England's highest mountain and can be incredibly busy all year round. To reduce erosion and help accommodate the vast numbers of feet on the hill the path from bottom to top (its a big path, trust me!) is being widened. In the picture to the right you can see the new and wider pitching merging into the older path which is soon to be replaced.

    Dolly Wagon PIke & Fairfield

    We have have been paying some attention to the hills surrounding the popular Grisedale Tarn. With many a hard working volunteer group and help from both the Western and Northern upland teams we've been landscaping out side routes and placing stepping stones over sensitive peat bog. And look here some kindly fellow has labeled the hills just in case!!  

    Working holiday


    Opposite direction!


    Below is a section of much needed pitching Nick put in near the summit of Dolly Wagon Pike. 




    Helvellyn

    Helvellyn is an understandably popular mountain which on a clear day rewards anyone who ventures up there with stunning views of the whole of the Lake district and beyond to up to Scotland and the Howgills to the east. It's therefore unsurprising to hear that we concentrate a great deal of effort up here.  

    Thirlmere from Brown Cove Crags
    Stone pitching put in this summer

    Striding Edge 

    Striding Edge suffers a great deal of erosion along the sides of the crest of the ridge so it would be impolite for 'Fix The Fells' to not go and visit and chip away at the on going work up there.  


    Erosion Scar








    Landscaped out! 

    Goats Hause

    To end the fell season we decided to do a bit of work in our own back yard and our focus turned to Goats Hause which is the col between Coniston Old man and Dow Crag. This project was funded by EOCA or the European Outdoor Conservation Association, you may have seen/heard coverage of this earlier in the year on the TV or Wireless! There is a huge amount of damage to the vegetation in this area so we have been using the usual techniques to reduce this.

    The Fix The Fells lengthsmen hard at work landscaping


    The above drain finished is now being blended in with its surroundings. Below we are trying to encourage people to use a path line that will erode less quickly


    After
    Before

























    I

    In the photo above, the path is relatively thin however it was three times as wide before the area to the left of the path was landscaped out. 


    It's not a bad place to have lunch either......




    So that's it for the fells for 2016 and next year's work plan is already in the pipeline, for now we're all having a well deserved break by getting on with some good old fashioned hard work down in the lowlands. 

    Thanks for reading


  • The walled garden pond...St. Catherine's.

    09:00 06 November 2016
    By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland Wicksteed

    Academy ranger Bruna Remesso, with volunteer help, has done a great deal of work in the walled garden at St Catherine's this year.
    One of the jobs she undertook was to reinstate the old pond. It was dug out afresh and a new pond liner was put in place.
    Stone dredged out of Troutbeck, after Storm Desmond, was selected to be used for landscaping the area around the pond. 
    A volunteer group from Windermere School, who help out on most Thursday afternoons on various tasks, began landscaping work with Bruna.
    A busy scene unfolds!
    Smaller stones were put in buckets and...
    ...carried over to the pond.
    looking promising.
    Really taking shape.
    Almost done. Approximately two and a half tons of stone was used for the pond.
    The large rounds of wood floating  in the pond are alder. They have had large holes drilled in them as refuge sites for frogs and newts; hopefully they will colonise the pond.
    The Windermere School group with Bruna on the right.
    Julie King, Director of student pathways and careers at Windermere School, quite literally threw herself into the task. She gave pond dipping a whole new meaning and demonstrated just how deep the pond was!
  • Claife Viewing Station - Facelift

    15:10 04 November 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham



    Looking Spectacular

    As we get older we all need a little extra help to keep ourselves  looking spectacular !


    Looking hairy


     For me it’s  my increasingly  hairy ears, nose  and eyebrows that require just that little bit more time spent in front of a magnifying mirror with the scissors and Remington nasal hair trimmer to ensure that I don’t start looking like the lovechild of Brian Blessed and  Chewbacca  !  



    Must See Destination




    At 238 years old Claife Viewing Station is no different and  needs a little love and attention to keep it looking as it should . The Viewing Station was once a ‘must see’ destination  for the very earliest tourists to the Lake District, when their traditional ‘Grand Tour ‘ of Europe was too dangerous an undertaking  due to the French Revolution .


    The Station,  a now ruined building, lay  hidden in the woods for decades until it   re-opened to the public  last year after a £1/2 million pound  facelift and we continue  with the care by restoring the landscape around the Viewing Station itself,  so that the present day experience is as close to the original as possible.


    Thrilling Dramatic Wild !




    This week as part of our landscaping works, we have been planting 750 heather plants with the assistance of a couple of volunteer groups. We have also removed young self sown birch trees and in the near future will be removing more cherry laurel to expose more of the bare rock faces around the Station. All of this is being done to create a more thrilling , dramatic ’wild’ experience for our visitors.




    Come and  see for yourselves , Claife Viewing Station is open all year round  as is the Courtyard café. Located on the West shore of Lake Windermere, Far Sawrey,Ambleside, Cumbria.


    https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/claife-viewing-station-and-windermere-west-shore
  • Variety

    03:45 28 October 2016
    By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland Wicksteed

    Last week, Monday 24th of October to Friday 28th, a number of small jobs were ticked off by the ranger team at St. Catherine's.
    Lets start with a fallen oak blocking the footpath at Bordriggs Brow, Bowness on Windermere.
    After our usual Monday morning litter sweep of the lake shore properties, Jenkyns Field, Cockshott Point and Millerground, we set to work.
    With the path clear, the cut up oak was transported back to St. Catherine's...
     ..."processed" into firewood and stacked in the log store for seasoning, ready to be used in the Footprint wood burner.
    Next up four farm gates for High Lickbarrow  Farm were undercoated and later painted in high gloss red. This colour is quite a feature of the farm's "colour scheme"!
    This is the five foot gate, dazzling!..the other three gates are ten foot in length.
    Next on the agenda, stone setts were used to create a defined border between the walkways, grassed area, flower beds and raised beds around the Footprint building.
    Looking, dare I say, not bad!
    the power barrow, proving its inestimable worth yet again, was used to collect gravel and distribute it along the walkways around the raised beds.
    The power barrow was also pressed into service to collect stones washed down
    in the floods and then cleared into heaps along Troutbeck.

    These stones will be used to landscape the newly dug out pond in the walled garden at St. Catherine's.
    Our last job, during the week, was to repair a woodland wall gap above St. Catherine's. (The metal hurdle was put in place in case sheep were brought into the field before the wall had been rebuilt.)
    Yes Blue! You are a great help!
    Almost there.
    Done and dusted. Back to the Bat Cave to write this post, have a coffee, and wind down for the weekend!
  • Friday 21 October

    15:27 21 October 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham







    The Basecamp Toolstore...A Photo Essay.




    In early September we held a green woodworking holiday, using traditional techniques to build a new Basecamp toolstore. This is that story...


    

     Removing the old shipping container…careful not to take the toilet block out while you’re at it…
     …or the small dog…!

    Sayonara shipping container! You have served us well but we need an upgrade




    
    OK, let’s cover all the surfaces. Things are about to get serious





    “Here’s one I made earlier”…Our woodland Ranger, and Project Manager – Richard, briefing the troops, with the woodstore built on a previous holiday as an example.




    
    Hmmm, that’s a lot of wood. A few daunted looking faces there…




    
    Let’s get to it! This toolstore ain’t gonna build itself…

    Especially if the boss is sitting down on the job.


    Measure twice, cut once, as they say…We had to get measurements spot on to make sure everything would fit together perfectly


    …But preferably not your own fingers – Eyes down Gary!


    Show him how it’s done Jane! Textbook sawing...


    Second-in-command Claire overseeing a measurement. Any errors meant holidaymakers were put on half-rations…


    Concentrating hard on getting that jowl post right…at least the sun’s shining


    An industrious scene, little changed from the Middle Ages…


    Another timeless technique – here’s Tony making the wooden pegs for the frame. These were traditionally used to avoid costly iron nails (a tradition kept alive by National trust budgets).


    …And relax…


    Making sure the frame fits together…with a little gentle persuasion from Mr Sledgehammer.


    Ged the dog overseeing on-site assembly.


    Lots of fun was had putting the frame together…


    Watch out for that car window! I don’t think my insurance covers oak-framed timber buildings.


    The finished frame, and a happy bunch of campers…


    But the toolstore wasn’t finished no siree…Richard and Claire came back with regular volunteers John and Ian to carry on with the roof and cladding


    Hard at work to get it finished (most of us)


    Gadzooks! Almost finished and looking great…Just needs a roof and a door and she’s good to go…come back soon guys!!

    TO BE CONTINUED.....



















     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     



  • Friday 14 October

    09:00 14 October 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham

    Time machines

    Most people like trees. Some people love trees.  Most people can name a few species of tree. Some can name hundreds.
    Most people have a favourite tree tucked away somewhere, it could be huge, tiny, tall, short, fat, thin, gnarly, smooth or wrinkled.  It might have a special significance because of memories or experience.

    I look at trees almost every day of my life the fields and woods of the South Lakes are full of fantastic trees so its taken me a little while to decide which one to nominate for  http://www.cumbriastop50trees.org.uk/  

    After much thought I decided on the huge old alder at Boon Crag here's why;

    The alder in 2012.

    Alder are not generally a long lived tree and so rarely reach this size which is relatively common in oak.  
    Being responsible for managing such an important tree often means making some difficult decisions, how much do we intervene with tree surgery?  Do we let natural processes carry on which might result in alder's death? 
    Often something else happens which modifies our management of the tree, this happened in the winter of 2013.

    Crown badly damaged by storms in 2013. 

    Trees are naturally resilient and the alder bounced back the following spring with loads of new epicormic growth from the remains of the trunk.

    Summer 2015.

    I felt that in order to protect the epicormic growth, and other important habitats around the tree from browsing we needed to fence the tree.

     Tree fenced summer 2016.

    Trees of this age support a huge number of specialist organisms from bats to beetles and birds, fungi to flies, retaining and protecting old trees provides vital habitat.

    Wood mould inside the hollow trunk vital for saproxylic invertebrates.
    Aerial roots within the trunk are also sometimes found in hollow trees, the alder is re-using nutrients made available by the fungal decay of its own wood!

    Wrens nest in the hollow trunk.

    Epiphytes living in the damp decaying hollows found on the old alder.

    Fallen branches left top decay close to the tree.

    Check out the website and nominate your favorite Cumbrian tree.  Or if you want to find out more about veteran trees and their management have a look at The Ancient Tree Forums website  http://www.ancienttreeforum.co.uk/

    Richard Tanner
    Woodland Ranger
  • Touch-Me-Not Balsam and Netted Carpet Moth Conservation with Windermere School

    08:00 14 October 2016
    By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland Wicksteed

    St. Catherine's is an important site for scarce annual touch me not balsam plants. It is the UK's only native balsam, with the Lake District being its principal stronghold.
    One of the rarest moths in the UK, the netted carpet moth, is totally reliant upon touch me not as it is the only food source for its caterpillars.
    Unlike its relative, the highly invasive himalayan balsam (see above), touch me not is incredibly...if not... annoyingly fussy about its growing conditions! It likes nutrient rich soil in damp open woodland with just the right mixture of sun and shade. It also is very bad at competing with other plant species so it tends to opportunistically colonise bare or disturbed ground where it is sometimes able to form dense stands.
    Nettles, creeping buttercup, and brambles overwhelmed some of the touch me not stands at St. Catherine's last Summer, so to give the plant a boost for next year with a hopefully corresponding increase in moth numbers, a more intensive conservation programme has been initiated.
    Students from Windermere School have been most helpful in pulling up nettles, brambles and disturbing the ground.
    Incidentally, in NT Coniston woodlands, cattle have been instrumental in increasing the plant numbers hence moths by poaching the ground most effectively during Autumn and Winter months..sadly not an option at St. Catherine's!
    Forks have proved useful in digging over the ground; the aim is for the touch me not seeds to germinate more readily and establish dense stands in Spring with the competition from other plants largely eradicated from this area.
    Mrs Julie King, Director of student pathways & careers, from Windermere School also helped with the conservation work... seen here getting to grips with a deep rooted bramble!
    These images of the netted carpet moth were taken by Richard Dennison during a 'Moth Night' at St. Catherine's on the last Thursday in July 2016; he kindly gave permission for them to be used on this blog-site..
    ..Excellent images.

    More conservation work will be undertaken at St. Catherine's right up until late March or until the first touch me not seedlings are spotted! 
  • An Upland Summer

    12:13 07 October 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham


    As the dark mornings and evenings close in, it signals that we're nearing the end of the fell work season. Four months back I joined the upland ranger team and in this relatively short period we have literally covered miles. We've been involved in projects across the Lake District working alongside the other upland teams, volunteer groups and the dedicated 'Fix The Fells' Lengthsmen.

    It's been a fantastic chance to learn the ropes of Upland erosion work whilst experiencing the Cumbrian mountains in the best and also the not so best weather, I learned my first lesson quickly - buy a waterproof camera. Here are few sights and experiences of a summer in the fells.

    Early morning Coniston and Peel or 'Wild Cat Island' 

    Typically we start early in the morning around seven, this is a great opportunity to see the lakes in a more tranquil mood.


    Walking to Brown Cove Crag on Helvelyn
     After we meet at base we drive to the area or mountain we're working on and set off on foot to our work site, this can sometimes mean walking all the way to the top. Second lesson - breakfast is the most important meal of the day.



    Looking down to Thirlmere from the Wythburn path whilst clearing drains

    The character of the fells can be dramatically changed by the weather so we come to work prepared with warm clothes, water proofs and emergency shelters.


    Looking towards Steel Fell from Helvelyn

    Trying to prevent or reduce erosion on the fells is our main aim. Currently we're working on Goats Hause just below the summit of the Old Man of Coniston. This is a highly popular path and this is evident by the multiple path lines running side by side. With the help of the Fix The Fells Lengths men we are trying to a define a single line and re- vegetate the the sides of the new path.

    Joe and the Lengthsmen working on Goats Hause. On the Left is Dow crag and right in the background sits the Scafell range




    Drain built from local stone
    Finished!

    Sometimes rock is flown in by helicopter to use on site, how ever in this case on Goats Hause the rock is gathered in situ whilst we work.

    Often when on the fells we get to see some of the hardy creatures that reside on and around them.


    Golden - ringed Dragonfly
    This is a Golden - ringed Dragonfly. This chap has one of the longest bodies of any European insect and is more likely to be found near fast flowing rivers and streams.







    Violet Ground Beetle
    Here is a Violet ground Beetle which when seen up close has a very distinctive violet strip around its sides. As well as living on/in mountains they are commonly found in gardens much to the joy of keen gardeners as they predate pests such as slugs.



    That's it for this for this week so here are a couple of photo's some the awe inspiring views to be found in the lakes.


    Threshthwaite Cove

    Threshthwaite Cove - U- shaped glaciated valley




    Thanks for reading!

























  • Annual Netted Carpet Moth Survey

    09:00 30 September 2016
    By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham

    Monitoring habitats and species is vital for successful conservation. Changes over time and over large areas can inform us of how best to manage those habitats. 

    The data collected can be examined for long term trends 
    linked to conservation. Changes that are as expected and those not anticipated.

    It is therefore important to select what to monitor, how, where and over what time.


    The Lake District is special for many reasons and one of them the presence of the Netted Carpet Moth (Eustroma reticulatum). A very rare species it is primarily known to only a few areas here, though, recently new sightings have been made in North Lancashire and possibly some in Wales too.


    A possible explanation for its rarity is that its eggs are laid, and its larvæ feed, on only one plant, Touch Me Not Balsam (Impatiens noli-tangere), itself a nationally scarce species.


    Therefore, conservation of Netted Carpet Moth is also conservation of Touch Me Not Balsam.


    The UK's only native impatiens, it favours moist, nutrient-rich soils and is commonly found in damp open woodland with dappled shade, alongside streams and where there is regular ground disturbance. 


    With few associated species it often forms pure stands of several hundred individuals. Though here in the Lake District sites of much larger populations numbering many thousands of individuals are known, particularly around Coniston and Windermere.


    Recent conservation work by the National Trust in the Lakes has resulted in a significant increase in the population of Touch Me Not Balsam. 


    Winter grazing of cattle has been introduced to woodland sites known to have the balsam amongst its ground flora. The cattle trample the ground providing the much needed ground disturbance to spread the seed. The cows are then removed from the woodland before germination takes place.


    No other method of ground disturbance has proved quite so successful as cattle.


    Even with such successful conservation efforts as this the numbers of Touch Me Not Balsam are still known to fluctuate from year to year.


    A kind of 'predator - prey' relationship between the balsam and the Netted Carpet Moth occurs whereby as populations of balsam increase so too do the numbers of larvæ feeding on the food plant until a critical point in the larvæ population when the numbers of balsam start to deplete. As the population of the food plant decreases so too do the numbers of larvæ feeding on the balsam until another critical point whereby the balsam can begin to recover and increase its population and the cycle begins again.


    Such is the delicate relationship between the moth and its food plant. And thus the need to monitor populations of both annually.


    ~
     

    So, Netted Carpet Moth eggs are laid during July to August meaning the caterpillars are fully grown by early to mid-September. And this is the best time to survey.

    We joined a group of Rusland Horizons volunteers for the annual survey of Netted Carpet Moth at Brantwood on the east shore of Coniston.


    The survey was led by the National Trust's Wildlife and Countryside Advisor John Hooson and Dr. Paul Hatcher of Reading University. Together they have been monitoring the numbers of balsam and moth here for the last 20 years.


    Brantwood gardens are managed specifically with Touch Me Not Balsam in mind and head gardener Paul was keen to take us to spot where the recent felling of a tree, providing both light and heavy trampling of the ground beneath, had resulted in an explosion in the population of balsam.


    We began with a quick tutorial of how to spot the caterpillars which are to be found on the underside of the leaf and can camouflage themselves to look like a seed pod or a leaf stem.


    The method of monitoring with which we began was to count the number of larvæ per site. We paired off into groups, picking a site of the garden each, and first estimated the number of balsam plants on our site. Then we counted the number larvæ we found on all the balsam, that we could reasonably reach, within our site, without trampling any of the neighbouring plants. We would then re-group and give Paul Hatcher the number of plants estimated on our site, the percentage of those plants counted and the number of larvæ found.


    These figures will be used by Paul later to estimate the number of larvæ in each site and in the gardens as a whole as well as having the actual number seen on the day. These figures will in turn will be used to estimate the number of Netted Carpet Moth at Brantwood. 


    In the afternoon we moved to another location along the Coniston east shore called High Barn Wood. This site has seen winter grazing of cattle since 2001 which has resulted in widespread ground cover of almost pure stands of Touch Me Not Balsam.


    With such large numbers of plants over a much larger area we used a different method of surveying here. This time we worked individually each picking an area of woodland and checking a total of one hundred plants in that area. This gave us the number of larvæ per one hundred plants. We did this in three or four different areas and again gave all the results to Dr. Hatcher who, again, would use the figures, later, to scale up an estimate of the density and number of larvæ in the whole site as well as having the actual number seen in the woodland.


    Surprisingly the numbers of larvæ found in High Barn Wood appeared to be less than those found in Brantwood gardens. Though as Dr. Hatcher explained it is often the case that large areas of balsam yield a lower density of larvæ, though overall higher numbers, than smaller sites.


    After 20 years or more surveying the moth and its food plant, however, he has yet to observe any clear correlation between site and numbers of caterpillar. A large, seemingly ideal, habitat may produce only a handful of caterpillars one year where as a small patch of balsam next to a path produce pleasingly high numbers. And then, the following year, the opposite.


    Musing on why some sites appear to be more favourable than others to the presence of Touch Me Not Balsam - vital, remember, for the existence of the Netted Carpet Moth - Paul Hatcher noted that the woods around us had been coppiced for charcoal production in years gone by. That the combination of a 10 year coppice cycle, providing dappled light, plus the trampling of the ground by those working the woods would provide ideal conditions for the balsam to grow. And that the presence of Impatiens noli-tangere as the primary ground flora in a woodland may be a strong indicator of historical industrial woodland.


    And so, from this years survey, it appears that the overall number of larvæ in the Lakes is increasing year on year. Which is encouraging news to both surveyor and conservator. 


    ~
     

    Incidentally, the Netted Carpet Moth itself can be surveyed at dusk in early July to mid-August. Or, more precisely, according to one intrepid volunteer, during the last week of July and first week of August at 9:15pm. So there you go.

    An explosion of balsam where a tree
    once stood at Brantwood garden
    s


    Two for the price of one on rare larvæ
    A seed pod. Or is it a caterpillar?
    A caterpillar. Or is it a seed pod?
    Larva pretending to be a leaf stem
    The group disperse into a sea of balsam